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Sweetclover (Melilotus officinalis Lam. (yellow sweetclover), Melilotus alba Medik. (white sweetclover))

Characteristics

  • Yield based on 2 harvests/season
  • Seeds/pound: 260,000
  • Seeding rate: 8-10 lbs pure live seed/acre
  • Seeding date: early spring
  • Seed inoculation is essential
  • Biennial, with only vegetative growth in the seeding year
  • Primarily used as a soil-improving, plowdown crop
  • Can be used for pasture, hay or silage

Advantages

  • adapted to a wide range of soil and climatic conditions
  • deep-rooted and winter-hardy (the winter following seeding)
  • opens up subsoil
  • excellent for bees

Concerns

  • low palatability, contains coumarin
  • not adapted to acid soils

More information