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Selected Biomass References (1990+)

Andersohn, C. 1996. Phosphate cycles in energy crop systems with emphasis on the availability of different phosphate fractions in the soil. Plant and Soil 184:11-21.

Borjesson, P. 1999. Environmental effects of energy crop cultivation in Sweden-II: Economic valuation. Biomass and Bioenergy 16:155-170.

Borjesson, P. 1999. Environmental effects of energy crop cultivation in Sweden-I: Identification and quantification. Biomass and Bioenergy 16:137-154.

Boylan, D., V. Bush, and D.-I. Bransby. 2000. Switchgrass cofiring: Pilot scale and field evaluation. Biomass and Bioenergy 19:411-417.

Brown, R.-A., N.-J. Rosenberg, C.-J. Hays, W.-E. Easterling, and L.-O. Mearns. 2000. Potential production and environmental effects of switchgrass and traditional crops under current and greenhouse-altered climate in the central United States: A simulation study. Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment 78:31-47.

Burvall, J. 1997. Influence of harvest time and soil type on fuel quality in reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea L.). Biomass and Bioenergy 12:149-154.

Cherney, J.H., K.D. Johnson, J.J. Volenec, and D.K. Greene. 1991. Biomass Potential of Selected Grass and Legume Crops. Energy Sources 13:283-292.

Christian, D.-G., A.-B. Riche, and N.-E. Yates. 2001. The yield, composition and production costs for seven varieties of switchgrass and one panic grass grown as a biofuel. Aspects of Applied Biology 65:199-204.

Christian, D.-G., A.-B. Riche, and N.-E. Yates. 2002. The yield and composition of switchgrass and coastal panic grass grown as a biofuel in Southern England. Bioresource Technology.

Cundiff, J.S. 1996. Simulation of five large round bale harvesting systems for biomass. Bioresour-technol. 56:77-82.

Elbersen, H.-W., D.-G. Christian, N. El-Bassem, W. Bacher, G. Sauerbeck, E. Alexopoulou, N. Sharma, I. Piscioneri, P.-d. Visser, and D.-v.-d. Berg. 2001. Switchgrass variety choice in Europe. Aspects of Applied Biology 65:21-28.

Ercoli, L., M. Mariotti, A. Masoni, and E. Bonari. 1999. Effect of irrigation and nitrogen fertilization on biomass yield and efficiency of energy use in crop production of Miscanthus. Field Crops Research 63:3-11.

Faau, A., R.-v. Ree, L. Waldheim, E. Olsson, A. Oudhuis, A.-v. Wijk, C. Daey-Ouwens, and W. Turkenburg. 1997. Gasification of biomass wastes and residues for electricity production. Biomass and Bioenergy 12:387-407.

Gravert, C.-E., and G.-P. Munkvold. 2002. Fungi and diseases associated with cultivated switchgrass in Iowa. Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science 109:30-34.

Heaton, E.-A., J. Clifton-Brown, T.-B. Voigt, M.-B. Jones, and S.-P. Long. 2004. Miscanthus for renewable energy generation: European Union experience and projections for Illinois. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 9:433-451.

Johansson, J., and U. Lundqvist. 1999. Estimating Swedish biomass energy supply. Biomass and Bioenergy 17:85-93.

Katterer, T., and O. Andren. 1999. Growth dynamics of reed canarygrass (Phalaris arundinacea L.) and its allocation of biomass and nitrogen below ground in a field receiving daily irrigation and fertilisation. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 54:21-29.

Kort, J., M. Collins, and D. Ditsch. 1998. A review of soil erosion potential associated with biomass crops. Biomass and Bioenergy 14:351-359.

Landstrom, S., L. Lomakka, and S. Andersson. 1996. Harvest in spring improves yield and quality of reed canary grass as a bioenergy crop. Biomass and Bioenergy 11:333-341.

Larsson, S., and C. Nilsson. 2005. A remote sensing methodology to assess the costs of preparing abandoned farmland for energy crop cultivation in northern Sweden. Biomass and Bioenergy 28:1-6.

Lemus, R., E.-C. Brummer, K.-J. Moore, N.-E. Molstad, C.-L. Burras, and M.-F. Barker. 2002. Biomass yield and quality of 20 switchgrass populations in southern Iowa, USA. Biomass and Bioenergy 23:433-442.

Lewandowski, I., A. Kicherer, and P. Vonier. 1995. CO2 balance for the cultivation and combustion of Miscanthus. Biomass and Bioenergy 8:81-90.

Lewandowski, I., J.-C. Clifton-Brown, J.-M.-O. Scurlock, and W. Huisman. 2000. Miscanthus: European experience with a novel energy crop. Biomass and Bioenergy 19:209-227.

Lewandowski, I., J.-M.-O. Scurlock, E. Lindvall, and M. Christou. 2003. The development and current status of perennial rhizomatous grasses as energy crops in the US and Europe. Biomass and Bioenergy 25:335-361.

Lowenberg Deboer, J., and M.A. Lopez Pereira. 1990. Risk Assessment for Herbaceous Biomass Crops the Case of Perennial Grasses. Biomass 23:263-274.

Mattsson, J.-E. 1997. Tendency to bridge over openings for chopped Phalaris and straw of Triticum mixed in different proportions with wood chips. Biomass and Bioenergy 12:199-210.

McLaughlin, S.-B., and M.-E. Walsh. 1998. Evaluating environmental consequences of producing herbaceous crops for bioenergy. Biomass and Bioenergy 14:317-324.

Metcalfe, P., and M.-J. Bullard. 2001. Life-cycle analysis of energy grasses. Aspects of Applied Biology 65:29-37.

Nilsson, D., and P.-A. Hansson. 2001. Influence of various machinery combinations, fuel proportions and storage capacities on costs for co-handling of straw and reed canary grass to district heating plants. Biomass and Bioenergy 20:247-260.

Nixon, P.-M.-I., and M.-J. Bullard. 1997. The effect of fertiliser, variety and harvesting timing on the yield of Phalaris arundinacea L. Aspects of Applied Biology 49:237-240.

Obernberger, I. 1998. Decentralized biomass combustion: State of the art and future development. Biomass and Bioenergy 14:33-56.

Partala, A., T. Mela, M. Esala, and E. Ketoja. 2001. Plant recovery of 15N-labelled nitrogen applied to reed canary grass grown for biomass. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 61:273-281.

Powlson, D.-S., D.-G. Christian, and P. Falloon. 2001. Biofuel crops: their potential contribution to decreased fossil carbon emissions and additional environmental benefits. Aspects of Applied Biology 65:289-294.

Raiko, M.-O., T.-H.-A. Gronfors, and P. Haukka. 2003. Development and optimization of power plant concepts for local wet fuels. Biomass and Bioenergy 24:27-37.

Sanderson, M.-A., R.-P. Egg, and A.-E. Wiselogel. 1997. Biomass losses during harvest and storage of switchgrass. Biomass and Bioenergy 12:107-114.

Sanderson, M.-A., J.-C. Read, and R.-L. Reed. 1999. Harvest management of switchgrass for biomass feedstock and forage production. Agronomy Journal 91:5-10.

Scholz, V., and R. Ellerbrock. 2002. The growth productivity, and environmental impact of the cultivation of energy crops on sandy soil in Germany. Biomass and Bioenergy 23:81-92.

Staniforth, A. 1982. Straw for fuel in France. British Farmer and Stockbreeder 11:30-31.

Stewart, D., A.-T. Hall, and I.-M. Morrison. 1997. Reed canary grass: effect of growth in Scottish conditions on cell wall composition and structure. Aspects of Applied Biology 49:241-246.

Theka, G., and I. Obernbergera. 2004. Wood pellet production costs under Austrian and in comparison to Swedish framework conditions. Biomass and Bioenergy 27:671-693.

Thorsell, S., F.-M. Epplin, R.-L. Huhnke, and C.-M. Taliaferro. 2004. Economics of a coordinated biorefinery feedstock harvest system: lignocellulosic biomass harvest cost. Biomass and Bioenergy 27:327-337.

Wilkins, P.-W. 1997. Preliminary evaluation of some forage grasses as biomass crops for summer harvest in the UK. Aspects of Applied Biology 49:247-250.

Wright, L.-L. 1994. Production technology status of woody and herbaceous crops. Biomass and Bioenergy 6:191-209.

Yates, N.-E., and D.-G. Christian. 2001. The effect of delayed harvest on the yield and nutrient composition of reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea). Aspects of Applied Biology 65:161-166.

Zhang, R., Brown, R.C., and Suby, A. 2004. Thermochemical generation of hydrogen from switchgrass. Energy and Fuels 18:251-256.