skip to content

General Grass Biomass References

  • Adler, P. R., Del Grosso, S. J., Parton, W. J. Life-cycle assessment of net greenhouse gas flux for bioenergy cropping systems. Ecol. Appl. 2007, 17 (3), 675–691.
  • Andersohn, C. 1996. Phosphate cycles in energy crop systems with emphasis on the availability of different phosphate fractions in the soil. Plant and Soil 184:11-21.
  • Borjesson, P. 1999. Environmental effects of energy crop cultivation in Sweden-II: Economic valuation. Biomass and Bioenergy 16:155-170.
  • Borjesson, P. 1999. Environmental effects of energy crop cultivation in Sweden-I: Identification and quantification. Biomass and Bioenergy 16:137-154.
  • Boylan, D., V. Bush, and D.-I. Bransby. 2000. Switchgrass cofiring: Pilot scale and field evaluation. Biomass and Bioenergy 19:411-417.
  • Brown, R.-A., N.-J. Rosenberg, C.-J. Hays, W.-E. Easterling, and L.-O. Mearns. 2000. Potential production and environmental effects of switchgrass and traditional crops under current and greenhouse-altered climate in the central United States: A simulation study. Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment 78:31-47.
  • Burvall, J. 1997. Influence of harvest time and soil type on fuel quality in reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea L.). Biomass and Bioenergy 12:149-154.
  • Camargo, G.G.T, M.R. Ryan, and T.L. Richard. 2013. Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Crop Production Using the Farm Energy Analysis Tool. BioScience 63: 263–273.
  • Chandrasekaran, S.R., P.K. Hopke, A. Hurlbut, and M. Newtown. 2013. Characterization of Emissions from Grass Pellet Combustion. Energy Fuels 27, 5298−5306.
  • Chandrasekaran, S. R., Hopke, P. K., Newtown, M., Hurlbut, A. 2013. Residential scale biomass boilers emissions and efficiency characterization for several fuels. Energy Fuel 27, 4840−4849.
  • Christensen, K. A., Livbjerg, H. A field study of submicron particles from the combustion of straw. Aerosol Sci. Technol. 1996, 25, 185−199.
  • Christian, D.-G., A.-B. Riche, and N.-E. Yates. 2001. The yield, composition and production costs for seven varieties of switchgrass and one panic grass grown as a biofuel. Aspects of Applied Biology 65:199-204.
  • Christian, D.-G., A.-B. Riche, and N.-E. Yates. 2002. The yield and composition of switchgrass and coastal panic grass grown as a biofuel in Southern England. Bioresource Technology.
  • Cundiff, J.S. 1996. Simulation of five large round bale harvesting systems for biomass. Bioresour-technol. 56:77-82.
  • Duffy, M., Nanhou, V. Costs of producing switchgrass for biomass in southern Iowa. PM 1866, Iowa State University Extension: Ames, IA, 2001. http://www.extension.iastate.edu/Publications/PM1866.pdf.
  • Elbersen, H.-W., D.-G. Christian, N. El-Bassem, W. Bacher, G. Sauerbeck, E. Alexopoulou, N. Sharma, I. Piscioneri, P.-d. Visser, and D.-v.-d. Berg. 2001. Switchgrass variety choice in Europe. Aspects of Applied Biology 65:21-28.
  • Epplin, F. Cost to produce and deliver switchgrass to an ethanol conversion facility in the southern plains of the United States. Biomass Bioenergy 1996, 11, 459–467.
  • Ercoli, L., M. Mariotti, A. Masoni, and E. Bonari. 1999. Effect of irrigation and nitrogen fertilization on biomass yield and efficiency of energy use in crop production of Miscanthus. Field Crops Research 63:3-11.
  • Gravert, C.-E., and G.-P. Munkvold. 2002. Fungi and diseases associated with cultivated switchgrass in Iowa. Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science 109:30-34.
  • Heaton, E.-A., J. Clifton-Brown, T.-B. Voigt, M.-B. Jones, and S.-P. Long. 2004. Miscanthus for renewable energy generation: European Union experience and projections for Illinois. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 9:433-451.
  • Johansson, J., and U. Lundqvist. 1999. Estimating Swedish biomass energy supply. Biomass and Bioenergy 17:85-93.
  • Katterer, T., and O. Andren. 1999. Growth dynamics of reed canarygrass (Phalaris arundinacea L.) and its allocation of biomass and nitrogen below ground in a field receiving daily irrigation and fertilisation. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 54:21-29.
  • Kort, J., M. Collins, and D. Ditsch. 1998. A review of soil erosion potential associated with biomass crops. Biomass and Bioenergy 14:351-359.
  • Kaufmann. H. Chlorine Compounds in Emissions and Residues from the Combustion of Herbaceous Biomass. Thesis Dissertation 12429, ETH Zurich, Zuirch, 1997.
  • Landstrom, S., L. Lomakka, and S. Andersson. 1996. Harvest in spring improves yield and quality of reed canary grass as a bioenergy crop. Biomass and Bioenergy 11:333-341.
  • Larsson, S., and C. Nilsson. 2005. A remote sensing methodology to assess the costs of preparing abandoned farmland for energy crop cultivation in northern Sweden. Biomass and Bioenergy 28:1-6.
  • Lemus, R., E.-C. Brummer, K.-J. Moore, N.-E. Molstad, C.-L. Burras, and M.-F. Barker. 2002. Biomass yield and quality of 20 switchgrass populations in southern Iowa, USA. Biomass and Bioenergy 23:433-442.
  • Lewandowski, I., A. Kicherer, and P. Vonier. 1995. CO-2-balance for the cultivation and combustion of Miscanthus. Biomass and Bioenergy 8:81-90.
  • Lewandowski, I., J.-C. Clifton-Brown, J.-M.-O. Scurlock, and W. Huisman. 2000. Miscanthus: European experience with a novel energy crop. Biomass and Bioenergy 19:209-227.
  • Lewandowski, I., J.-M.-O. Scurlock, E. Lindvall, and M. Christou. 2003. The development and current status of perennial rhizomatous grasses as energy crops in the US and Europe. Biomass and Bioenergy 25:335-361.
  • Liebig, M. A., Johnson, H. A., Hanson, J. D., and Frank, A. B. 2005. Soil carbon under switchgrass stands and cultivated cropland. Biomass and Bioenergy 28: 347–354.
  • Lowenberg Deboer, J., and M.A. Lopez Pereira. 1990. Risk Assessment for Herbaceous Biomass Crops the Case of Perennial Grasses. Biomass 23:263-274.
  • Mani, S., Tabil, L. G., and Sokhansanj, S. 2004. Grinding Performance and Physical Properties of Wheat and Barley Straws, Corn Stover and Switchgrass. Biomass and Bioenergy 35: 339–352.
  • Mattsson, J.-E. 1997. Tendency to bridge over openings for chopped Phalaris and straw of Triticum mixed in different proportions with wood chips. Biomass and Bioenergy 12:199-210.
  • McLaughlin, S. B., Kszos, L. A. Development of switchgrass as a bioenergy feedstock in the United States. Biomass Bioenergy 2005, 28, 515–535.
  • McLaughlin, S.-B., and M.-E. Walsh. 1998. Evaluating environmental consequences of producing herbaceous crops for bioenergy. Biomass and Bioenergy 14:317-324.
  • Metcalfe, P., and M.-J. Bullard. 2001. Life-cycle analysis of energy grasses. Aspects of Applied Biology 65:29-37.
  • Nilsson, D., and P.-A. Hansson. 2001. Influence of various machinery combinations, fuel proportions and storage capacities on costs for co-handling of straw and reed canary grass to district heating plants. Biomass and Bioenergy 20:247-260.
  • Nixon, P.-M.-I., and M.-J. Bullard. 1997. The effect of fertiliser, variety and harvesting timing on the yield of Phalaris arundinacea L. Aspects of Applied Biology 49:237-240.
  • Obernberger, I. 1998. Decentralized biomass combustion: State of the art and future development. Biomass and Bioenergy 14:33-56.
  • Partala, A., T. Mela, M. Esala, and E. Ketoja. 2001. Plant recovery of 15N-labelled nitrogen applied to reed canary grass grown for biomass. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 61:273-281.
  • Perrin, R., Vogel, K., Schmer, M., Mitchell, R. Farm-scale production cost of switchgrass for biomass. Bioenergy Res. 2008, 1, 91–97.
  • Powlson, D.-S., D.-G. Christian, and P. Falloon. 2001. Biofuel crops: their potential contribution to decreased fossil carbon emissions and additional environmental benefits. Aspects of Applied Biology 65:289-294.
  • Qin, X., Mohan, T., El-Halwagi, M., Cornforth, G., McCarl, B. A. Switchgrass as an alternate feedstock for power generation: an integrated environmental, energy and economic life-cycle assessment. Clean Technol. Environ. Policy 2006, 8 (4), 233–249.
  • Raiko, M.-O., T.-H.-A. Gronfors, and P. Haukka. 2003. Development and optimization of power plant concepts for local wet fuels. Biomass and Bioenergy 24:27-37.
  • Sanderson, M.-A., R.-P. Egg, and A.-E. Wiselogel. 1997. Biomass losses during harvest and storage of switchgrass. Biomass and Bioenergy 12:107-114.
  • Sanderson, M.-A., J.-C. Read, and R.-L. Reed. 1999. Harvest management of switchgrass for biomass feedstock and forage production. Agronomy Journal 91:5-10.
  • Schmer, M. R., Vogel, K. P., Mitchell, R. B., Perrin, R. K. Net energy of cellulosic ethanol from switchgrass. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2008, 105 (2), 464–469.
  • Scholz, V., and R. Ellerbrock. 2002. The growth productivity, and environmental impact of the cultivation of energy crops on sandy soil in Germany. Biomass and Bioenergy 23:81-92.
  • Sokhansanj, S., Mani, S., Turhollow, A., Kumar, A., Bransby, D., and, L, Laser, M. Large-scale production, harvest, and logistics of switchgrass—Current technology and envisioning a mature technology. Biofuels, Bioprod. Biorefin. 2009, 3, 124–121.
  • Staniforth, A. 1982. Straw for fuel in France. British Farmer and Stockbreeder 11:30-31.
  • Stewart, D., A.-T. Hall, and I.-M. Morrison. 1997. Reed canary grass: effect of growth in Scottish conditions on cell wall composition and structure. Aspects of Applied Biology 49:241-246.
  • Thorsell, S., F.-M. Epplin, R.-L. Huhnke, and C.-M. Taliaferro. 2004. Economics of a coordinated biorefinery feedstock harvest system: lignocellulosic biomass harvest cost. Biomass and Bioenergy 27:327-337.
  • Tissari, T., Sippula, O., Kouki, J., Vuorio, K., Jokiniem, J. Fine particle and gas emissions from the combustion of agricultural fuels fired in a 20 kW burner. Energy Fuels 2008, 22, 2033−2042.
  • Verma VK, Bram S, De Ruyck J. Small scale biomass heating systems: standards, quality labelling and market driving factors e an EU outlook. Biomass Bioenergy 2009, 33(10): 1393-1402.
  • Verma,V.A., S. Bram, G. Gauthier, and J. De Ruyck. 2010. Performance of a domestic pellet boiler as a function of operational loads: Part-2. Biomass and Bioenergy 35 (2011 ) 272-279.
  • Wilkins, P.-W. 1997. Preliminary evaluation of some forage grasses as biomass crops for summer harvest in the UK. Aspects of Applied Biology 49:247-250.
  • Wilson, T.O., F.M. McNeal, S. Spatari, D.G. Abler, and P.R. Adler. 2012. Densified Biomass Can Cost-Effectively Mitigate Greenhouse Gas. Environ. Sci. Technol. 46, 1270–1277. Emissions and Address Energy Security in Thermal Applications
  • Wright, L.-L. 1994. Production technology status of woody and herbaceous crops. Biomass and Bioenergy 6:191-209.
  • Yates, N.-E., and D.-G. Christian. 2001. The effect of delayed harvest on the yield and nutrient composition of reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea). Aspects of Applied Biology 65:161-166.
  • Zhang, R., Brown, R.C., and Suby, A. 2004. Thermochemical generation of hydrogen from switchgrass. Energy and Fuels 18:251-256.