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Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.)


  • Yield based on 2 harvests/season
  • Seeds/pound: 389,000
  • Seeding rate: 5-8 lbs pure live seed/acre
  • Seeding date: early spring, late summer before August 15
  • Warm-season grass with most of growth in mid-summer
  • Unacceptable forage quality for ruminants in NYS
  • Good potential as biomass crop for energy or wood pulp substitute
  • Useful for soil protection purposes and wildlife cover


  • better suited to poorly-drained soils than big bluestem
  • tolerates low pH and fertility
  • high yield potential


  • unacceptably low forage quality
  • loses forage quality rapidly
  • slow to establish
  • must be grown in separate pastures

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